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HOWTO: Upgrade to Firefox 1.5 on Ubuntu 5.10 (Breezy Badger) May 11, 2006

Posted by devhen in HOWTO, Linux, Mozilla.

The latest stable release of Ubuntu Linux comes with Firefox version 1.0.8 installed. Unfortunately this version is slower than 1.5+ and some of the extensions I use only support 1.5+ so, naturally, I needed to upgrade. I found a page on the Ubuntu Wiki called FirefoxNewVersion that shows you how to install a second copy of Firefox, downloaded from the Mozilla web site, alongside Ubuntu’s default Firefox package. Instructions are included on how to change the /usr/bin/firefox script to use the newly installed version instead of the default. This looked like more work than I wanted for a Firefox upgrade–I wanted to stick with .deb packages and didn’t like the idea of having two versions of Firefox installed. So, I discovered a way upgrade my Firefox package using Debain backports. Read on for more.



HOWTO: Sendmail SMTP Auth May 1, 2006

Posted by devhen in HOWTO, Linux, sendmail.

These notes are designed to help a Linux geek setup SMTP auth on a Linux + sendmail server. Without proper SMTP auth settings your server is liable to be used by spammers and spam bots to send out copious amounts of unwanted mail. This can get your server’s IP blacklisted and can really eat up your resources. Needless to say, we need to avoid this. Start by editing your sendmail.mc file (found in /etc/mail). I use the following commands, try replacing the corresponding lines in your mc file with these ones: (Note that lines beginning with ‘dnl’ are essentially considered comments and are ignored)

define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS’, `A’)
dnl Accept PLAIN and LOGIN authentications.dnl

Now you need to rebuild your sendmail.cf file from the .mc file you’ve just edited:

make sendmail.cf -C /etc/mail

Next we need to make sure saslauthd is running and configured correctly. Edit your saslauthd configuration file (/etc/sysconfig/saslauthd) and replace shadow with pam for the MECH variable like so:

# Mechanism to use when checking passwords. Run “saslauthd -v” to get a list
# of which mechanism your installation was compiled to use.

Restart sendmail and saslauthd

/etc/rc.d/init.d/sendmail restart
/etc/rc.d/init.d/saslauthd restart

and don’t forget to configure your email clients to use authentication when sending outgoing mail.

For more information and some tips on installing a certificate for secure SMTP connections, try this article:


Read on for a full copy of my sendmail.mc file.